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Last coal car
West Germany, 1976
Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Industriekultur, Bochum, Germany

The ‘last coal car’ highlights the decline of long-established heavy industry in capitalist Europe. Once at the forefront of Europe’s post-war boom, such industry was by the 1970s increasingly replaced by the industries of cheaper international competitors such as Taiwan, South Korea or Brazil. European countries turned to nuclear energy in order to become less dependent on foreign oil.